Infertility is a condition that impairs the chances of the conception of a child. It affects nearly 15% of people in India and this population is increasing. Infertility is defined as a condition in which a couple cannot conceive after one year of unprotected coitus. It is important to know the causes of infertility.
Pregnancy and Conception is a Complicated Process, and It Depends Upon Many Factors:
- Production of enough, healthy sperms;
- Healthy Eggs Production;
- Unblocked and healthy tubes that allow the sperm to reach the egg;
- The sperm’s ability to fertilize the egg and form an embryo;
- Good quality embryos;
- Implantation of quality of embryos;
- Finally the ability to carry pregnancy to term.Even if one of these factors is impaired or unbalanced, it can lead to infertility.
Infertility Education – Is infertility a Woman’s Problem?
It is commonly believed that infertility is related to women. Our study shows 50% infertility is due to female causes, and 40% due to male causes and the remaining due to both male and female causes.
What Causes Infertility in Men?
Azoospermia: The most common cause of male infertility is complete absence of sperms in the semen.
Oligospermia: Sperm count is less than 20 million sperms/ml semen.
Motility: Sometimes, most of the sperms do not shoe normal motility.
Abnormal sperms: The percentage of normal sperms is very low, or sometimes sperms show agglutination.
What Causes Infertility in Women?
Ovulation disorder, Female infertility factor which is most common is an ovulation disorder. Fallopian tubes: Other causes of female infertility include blocked fallopian tubes, which can occur when a woman has had pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis. The relations of repeated miscarriages are direct to the birth defects including the shape of the uterus and uterine fibroids.
Ageing is also an important factor in female infertility. After 35 years of age, the ability of women to produce eggs starts reducing and thus cannot easily conceive.
When Should Someone Get Tested for Infertility?
As per the general rule, the couple below 30 begins testing after trying to conceive unsuccessfully for 12 months. The recommendation for women over 30 is to begin testing after trying to conceive for 6 months without success.