Nutrition Guidelines for IVF Patients
There are no strict dos and don’ts for nutrition of IVF patients. But since you are planning for a pregnancy through IVF, it is better to have a nutritious diet to carry the pregnancy to term. It is known that physical fitness can affect the outcome of IVF treatment. Both increased weight and very low weight can result in failure of IVF cycles. A good diet is necessary for a healthy body. A good diet should include all necessary nutrients to carry the pregnancy as this phase of life is very demanding.
General Nutrition Guidelines for Fertility Treatment:
These are just general recommendations, but if you are considering IVF treatment then you should consider meeting a qualified nutritionist /dietitian.
How Early to Start Preparing for IVF?
It is best to start eating a recommended diet two to three months in advance for an IVF cycle. It is also advised that you see your doctor who specializes in preparing patients for IVF and get the following blood tests at this time.
- Antinuclear antibody
- Anti-Mullerian Hormone
This is also the good time to look for any nutritional deficiency in vitamins or minerals in the blood.
A Healthy Balanced Diet:
A healthy balanced diet is one which includes all macro and micro nutrients along with the healthy amount of calories. Your macro nutrients are, carbohydrates, proteins and fats, and the micronutrients are vitamins and minerals. Since all these components are necessary for a balanced diet you can only vary the proportions.
Protein sources can vary depending on if one is vegetarian or non-vegetarian. but make sure there are large amounts of vegetables, some fruit, whole grains are all wonderful sources of nutrition.
Fats: are critical to good nutrition, especially when it comes to fertility. Unsaturated fats and fatty acids are all important building blocks, and also play an important role in helping your body absorb and use the nutrients in your food.
It is important to stay hydrated. It will aid digestion and absorption of nutrients, promote optimal cell health. but this has not been proven yet.
Avoid Before IVF:
- No Smoking
- No Drinking
- No drugs
- Reduce or cease consumption of caffeine, , and chocolate.
- You should cut back on soy it may affect hormone levels in the body, which is unhelpful when you are undergoing fertility treatment.
- Contaminated fish with high levels of heavy metals, such as mercury
Vitamins and Supplements:
Consult your fertility specialist before taking any course of vitamins and minerals or herbal supplements.
- Omega 3 fish oil
- Coenzyme q 10
- Minerals: Zinc, Magnesium, Selenium, Iron
- Amino acids such as L-Carnitine and L-arginine(essential amino acid)
- Vitamins: A, B6, B12, C, E
- Folic acid
A mixed, varied diet rich in nutrients can help to strengthen your body’s systems and create a healthy body for IVF.